Pediatric Nutrition

Specificities of actual nutrition and nutritional status of various, including pediatric, groups of the population, according to data on visits to health centers

The objective. Analysis of actual nutrition in various, including pediatric, groups of the population of the Voronezh region. Patients and methods. Visitors of health centers of the Voronezh region in 2012- computer program for assessment of actual nutrition  «Nutritest»  developed  by  the  Research  Institute  of  Nutrition,  Russian  Academy  of  Medical  Sciences,  statistical methods. Results.  Considerable  deviations  from  the  norms  of  consumption  of  nutrients  and  energy  among  all  age  groups  of  the population have been found, the most marked deviations are among children aged 11 to 14 years and the rural population: excessive average daily caloric values of food rations, high levels of intake of fats, saturated fatty acids and cholesterol, low levels of intake of dietary fibers and vitamins. Conclusion.  For  optimization  of  actual  nutrition  of  the  population  for  the  purposes  of  prevention  and  treatment  of  diseases individualization of dietary rations is required, which will be realized with introduction of the guidelines «The order of providing medical aid» for the specialty Nutriology.