Specificities of actual nutrition and nutritional status of various, including pediatric, groups of the population, according to data on visits to health centers
The objective. Analysis of actual nutrition in various, including pediatric, groups of the population of the Voronezh region. Patients and methods. Visitors of health centers of the Voronezh region in 2012- computer program for assessment of actual nutrition «Nutritest» developed by the Research Institute of Nutrition, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, statistical methods. Results. Considerable deviations from the norms of consumption of nutrients and energy among all age groups of the population have been found, the most marked deviations are among children aged 11 to 14 years and the rural population: excessive average daily caloric values of food rations, high levels of intake of fats, saturated fatty acids and cholesterol, low levels of intake of dietary fibers and vitamins. Conclusion. For optimization of actual nutrition of the population for the purposes of prevention and treatment of diseases individualization of dietary rations is required, which will be realized with introduction of the guidelines «The order of providing medical aid» for the specialty Nutriology.