Vitamins and vitamin-fortified products in nutrition and health maintenance of modern man

The deficiency of vitamins and some mineral substances inevitably leads to disorders of metabolic processes and physiological functions and, as a consequence, to poorer health, impaired defense of the body, development of diseases related to vitamin deficiencies (hypo- and avitaminoses). The article discusses the causes of insufficient consumption of vitamins under modern conditions. As is shown, the ration of modern man, sufficient enough for covering energy expenditure, proves to be unable to meet the physiological needs of the body for a number of vitamins and mineral substances. The significance of vitamin-fortified food products for replenishment of vitamin deficiency in nutrition of modern man is discussed.

Key words: vitamins, hypo- and avitaminoses, mineral substances, vitamin-fortified food products.