Clinical Practice in Pediatrics

Respiratory tract infections in paediatric practice: justifying the use of antibiotics

Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are one of the most common groups of infectious diseases in the practice of a paediatrician, and antibacterial drugs can be regarded as an essential component of treating quite a number of respiratory tract infections of bacterial etiology in children. The article discusses specificities of choosing antibacterial drugs for treatment of RTIs in paediatric practice taking into account antibiotic resistance of the major respiratory pathogens in Russia, leading Russian and world practical guidelines for treatment of RTIs in children, characteristics of antibiotics and their safety profiles.
Key words: azithromycin, antibacterial therapy, antibiotic, antibiotic resistance, amoxicillin, amoxicillin/clavulanate, community-acquired pneumonia, respiratory tract infections, acute bacterial rhinosinusitis, acute tonsillopharynghitis, acute otitis media, ceftriaxone, Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes.
Publisher's imprint: I.V.Andreeva, O.U.Stetsyuk. Respiratory tract infections in paediatric practice: justifying the use of antibiotics. Clinical Practice in Pediatrics. 2015;10(2):26-39.
Received: 19.03.2015

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